The Index:
1. Internet Before World Wide Web
Internet before World Wide Web - The First 130 Years: Atlantic cable, Sputnick, ARPANET,"Information Superhighway", ...
2. World Wide Web as a Side Effect of Particle Physics Experiments.
World Wide Web was born in CERN: the most impressive results of large scale scientific efforts appeared far away from the main directions of those efforts
3. Next Crossroad of World Wide Web History
World Wide Web as a NextStep of PC Revolution ... from Steven P. Jobs to Tim Berners-Lee
4. Birth of the World Wide Web, Browser Wars, ...
Birth of the Web, Tim Berners-Lee, R. Cailliau, Marc Andreessen, Browser Wars, ...
5. Early History of Hypertext
Hypertext Foundation of the World Wide Web: Vannevar Bush's hyperlink concept, Ted Nelson coins the word Hypertext, ...
6. "Living History" of Hypertext.
Hypertext Saga of Theodor Holm Nelson: The Fate of Thinking Person in Silicon Valley ...
7. "Xanadu" Plan
The Nelson's Xanadu Plan to build a better World Wide Web
8. Growth of the Internet: Statistics
Statistics of the Internet & Worl Wide Web: Hosts, Domains, WebSites, Traffic, ...
9. Conclusion
What is the nature of World Wide Web?
10 Prehistory of the Internet
The Ancient Roads of Telecommunications & Computers
11. They said it ...
People Wrote About This Book

 

History of the Internet. We all need it. We all want it. But how did it happen in the first place? Gregory Gromov provides a ... comprehensive ... history of the Worldwide Web before it was the Net we all know and love. By Matthew Holt. 

 NetworkWorld. June, 1997

____ 

For a history of the Internet readers should consult Gregory Gromov's The Roads and Crossroads of the Internet's History.

Humanities Computing Unit of Oxford University,
Oxford University,  UK

___

The Roads and Crossroads of the Internet's History. By Gregory R. Gromov. A critically acclaimed site for a comprehensive history of the Internet.

The University of Texas, System Digital Library.

____

Gregory  Gromov provides an impressionistic overview in "The Roads and Crossroads of Internet's History," ... with a particular concentration on the development of  hypertext and the Web.

Current  literature of the online community   by Eron Main, Faculty of Information Studies, 

University of Toronto, Canada 

____

The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History by Gregory Gromov ... can be a great resource where an informed ‘Net surfer can come and let hypertext do the walking and the inventors of the ‘Net themselves do the talking.

by Kelly Ward, Public Health Library, 
University of California, Berkeley

____

Gregory R. Gromov’s The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History is probably the history that most students will enjoy as it is sprinkled liberally with files that illustrate his points.

Commencing with Internet pre-history work your way through 9 sections to read about the web, browser wars, and Xanadu to name a few topics. It is a long essay but extremely interesting.

The Australian National University. Faculty of Art,  Canberra

____


... This is a hypertext ... It is written as a kind of mosaic rather than as a straight narrative, including email questions and answers, fragments of interviews, and the like. It focuses primarily on the Web and hypertext over the Internet.

by  M. C. Morgan  College of Arts and Letters, 

Bemidji State University, MN, USA

____

This is an entertaining (if potentially  confusing) account of Net history, part of a large on-line hyperbook ...  this site will provide some fascinating insights and connections between events and people.

Open Learning Agency : learning resources to support the K-12 education system in British Columbia, Canada

___

The Roads and Crossroads of Internet 's History by Gregory R. Gromov... is an excellent history of the internet and a good example of a "web document." ... You also should experience what "hypertext" is and why this experience is more like exploring than reading...

by Robert Melczarek  Introduction for EDU 606  School of Education
Troy State University, Dothan. USA

___

The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History - Gregory Gromov's comprehensive and fascinating overview of the philosophy and history of the Internet.

Cource  STS 3700B 6.0: “History of Computing and Information Technolog” by Luigi M Bianchi. School of Analitical Studies & Information Technology. Science and Technology Studies

York University, Canada

____


Finally, an entertaining and eye-catching approach to Internet history is Gregory R. Gromov's History of Internet and WWW: The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History. This site is worth visiting, as much for its unorthodox approach using dazzling visuals and hypertext style as its content. By Deborah Husted Koshinsky and Rick McRae, University Libraries

State University of New York at Buffalo

____

The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History by Gregory Gromov  ...  possibly not the first place in the pool where a non-swimmer should take the plunge, this colorful and quirky site can be a great resource where an informed ‘Net surfer can come and let hypertext do the walking and the inventors of the ‘Net themselves do the talking.

"Nettalk : A Brief History of the 'Net" by Kelly Ward

The Bulletin. Special Libraries Association, San Francisco Bay region. The School of Information Management and Systems (SIMS) -- a graduate program at the University of California, Berkeley.

___


This is one of the Great Classic Websites. It's a history of the Internet and what led up to it, told in hypertext, both eloquently and chaotically, as strange in its own way as the Mel Brooks movie, History of the World, Part One. But it's one [REDACTED} of a lot more accurate than the Brooks movie. All Internet users, even those of you who just signed up for Web-TV or AOL last week and are still fumbling around, should check out this site.

When you jump into this online story, make sure you have a couple of hours free. It takes that long to read. Imagine a collaborative writing  project that tells you more than you ever wanted to know (and more than probably thought there was to tell) about the Internet, starting with the laying of the first telegraph cable across the Atlantic in 1858 (which was NOT a success, BTW).

You'll learn why the WWW Consortium [W3C] is based at a physics lab in Switzerland called CERN, instead of at a computer research center where you'd logically expect it to be, and why CERN doesn't even stand for the lab's real name -- in either English or French, along with lots of other neat factoids that'll come in handy if you ever find yourself playing Trivial Pursuit: The Internet Edition.

by  Robin Miller
Best High-Tech Sights on the Net

__

 For anyone who has ever wondered how and why the Internet was created comes this extensive essay,  "The Roads and Crossroads of Internet's History." With this document, users can follow the development of the Net from its early stages as a military communication system to the multimedia extravaganza we know today.

Cource Education 2751: "Power and Communication Technology" by Bridget A. Ricketts

Prince of Wales Collegiate, Newfoundland Canada

__

Gregory R. Gromov's version is a fun to read and thoughtful look into the history of the Internet and the WWW.

USM - Professional Development Center
The Maine Science and Technology Foundation. USA

___


an excellent 9-part review of the Internet's history and its relationship with the information revolution . Very informative and quite amusing at times too!

CADVision Development Corporation. USA

 
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Roads and Crossroads of the Internet History
            by Gregory Gromov

               Click here to download a mobile friendly .PDF version of this History.


 
prev     Chapter #11 - They said it ...next_

 



 

Appendics 2: They said it ...

 

An excellent summary of key milestones in Internet history.
BellSouth

For anyone who has ever wondered how and why the Internet was created comes this extensive essay, "The Roads and Crossroads of Internet's History."   With this document, users can follow the development of the Net from its early stages as a military communication system to the multimedia extravaganza we know today.

Webcrawler: Internet User Guides Reviews *Hot* Web Sites

... an excellent 9-part review of the Internet's history and its relationship with the information revolution. Very informative and quite amusing at times too!

CADVision  Development Corporat.

... A must for someone researching  the evolution of the Net. Jason Parkhill
The Historian and the Internet Bibliography College of Wooster, Ohio

yoav - this silly Web site.
... I don't want to know anything about the internet. I just wanna use it to my advantage....

If you've ever wondered how the Internet came into being then be sure to check this site out...If you've never wondered how the Internet came into being then go anyway. You shouldn't be such a barbarian. Hitch a lift with us on the information superhighway
by LineOne,  UK

...guide to the best networking resources on the world's biggest bookshelf -- the World Wide Web. History of the Internet. We all need it. We all want it. But how did it happen in the first place? Gregory Gromov provides a ... brief (one page) and comprehensive (nine page) history of the Worldwide Web before it was the Net we all know and love...

By Matthew Holt, NetworkWorld  June, 1997

Virtual Seminar for Teaching Literature
Internet Teaching 1. Some Basic Concepts. The History of the Internet. It is clear that the Internet is one of the most fashionable areas of computing. It is effecting all subjects in Higher Education, not only altering teaching opportunities because of its new perspectives on communication and dissemination, but also opening up exciting new resources for students and lecturers alike. For a history of the Internet readers should consult Gregory Gromov's The Roads and Crossroads of the Internet's History. 

Humanities Computing Unit of Oxford University,  Oxford University UK, 1996

Gregory R. Gromov's version is a fun to read and thoughtful look into the history of the Internet and the WWW. The Maine Science and Technology Foundation. USM - Professional Development Center

Access the website designed by Gregory R. Gromov and published at ...
6. The primary document on the ‘View from Internet Valley" Homepage is "The Roads and Crossroads of  Internet’s History". Study all nine (9) pages linked to... as well as:
1. Road #1 "Information Age’s Milestones"
2. Road #2 "Internet at CERN: 1976 - 1990"
3. Road #3 "The 50 Years of the Hypertext Concept’s Evolution"
7. The team should write two or three questions regarding the history of the Internet... Write your questions based on Gromov’s website.

The Individual Learner Within American Culture, by Larry Garrett,
Social Foundations of American Education
Troy State University
Florida,1998

This is an entertaining (if potentially  confusing) account of Net history, part of a large on-line hyperbook called View from Internet Valley, written by a California Internet consulting company called Internet Valley. You should only read this after you've become familiar with Net history, because if you start here you may well get confused. But if you know Net history, this site will provide some fascinating insights and connections between events and people. Estimated Surfing Time: at least two hours.

 
Open Learning Agency : learning resources to support the K-12 education system in British Columbia, Canada,  1996

Read through your history- wonderful!
Dionne Dames. 25 Oct 1998 11:04:42 -0800

Hi, I don't mean to be mean, but your website is very hard to understand. Next time you make a website about the history of something, don't jump around as much! You confused the hell out of me.
SCU Computer Lab.  Santa Clara University. 28 Sep 1998 17:01:07 PDT

This site is a genuine pleasure to use! Thank you.
Don Hester. 14 Sep 1998 22:59:13 -0700


This is one of the Great Classic Websites. It's a history of the Internet and what led up to it, told in hypertext, both eloquently and chaotically, as strange in its own way as the Mel Brooks movie, History of the World, Part One. But it's one [REDACTED} of a lot more accurate than the Brooks movie. All Internet users, even those of you who just signed up for Web-TV or AOL last week and are still fumbling around, should check out this site.

When you jump into this online story, make sure you have a couple of hours free. It takes that long to read. Imagine a collaborative writing  project that tells you more than you ever wanted to know (and more than probably thought there was to tell) about the Internet, starting with the laying of the first telegraph cable across the Atlantic in 1858 (which was NOT a success, BTW).

You'll learn why the WWW Consortium [W3C] is based at a physics lab in Switzerland called CERN, instead of at a computer research center where you'd logically expect it to be, and why CERN doesn't even stand for the lab's real name -- in either English or French, along with lots of other neat factoids that'll come in handy if you ever find yourself playing Trivial Pursuit: The Internet Edition.

There's also a picture of Al and Tipper Gore at their wedding, twenty years before the WWW came into existence. And I'm not going to tell you why it's there. You can find out for yourself. (And if you want to be a killjoy you can post the reason below ..
by  Robin Miller. Best High-Tech Sights on the Net! 26 Oct.1998



... No, I am not a "killjoy")
... This site is skitzo man. A box of rocks is better organized.
So, I am old fashion and  read left to right instead of up, down, right, down, left, link, back, up, thread, 12pt, 18pt, 10pt.  How many feet was that first trans-atlantic line?  Yeah, that's all I remember ..
Drew. drew@wracked.com


... I won't spoil the Al Gore allusion on this site ..., but I'm not convinced the  anectdote isn't spun by Democratic election  committee's
John  opencode@usa.net

 

AAAAAAAAAAAARGH! A lot of interesting information, and I guess the designers are trying to look like an Internet scrapbook, but really... I'll come back with Lynx and read it in plain text :)
Reeves Hall. reeves@earthling.net

Read The Roads and Crossroads of Internet 's History, Gregory R. Gromov, et al. This is a hypertext of nine main pages with side links. It is written as a kind of mosaic rather than as a straight narrative, including email questions and answers, fragments of interviews, and the like. It focuses primarily on the Web and hypertext over the Internet. As well, it plays with typographical design and page layout in curious ways.

by  M. C. Morgan.   College of Arts and Letters, Department of English
Bemidji State University, MN

I am looking for resources on the history of the internet. I will not include any of your reportings. It seems like a great piece of work, although I cannot trust the reliability of it. You've misspelled and mistyped an amazing number of words throughout.

Are you a 12 year old?

Zachary Guidry. 1 Oct  1998

What better starting point is there in trying to understand the internet and the World Wide Web than to use the internet to explore its history. There are several web sites covering this topic. Here is one for you to explore, The Roads and Crossroads of Internet 's History by Gregory R. Gromov. This does not necessarily mean it's the best one, but it is an excellent history of the internet and a good example of a "web document."

As you begin reading the document, you should soon discover that "reading" this web document is not like reading an article in a book or journal. Visually books and journals have pretty standard layouts and styles, though there is some variation. But one would be hard pressed to find any standard layout or style for web documents. You also should experience what "hypertext" is and why this experience is more like exploring than reading. But just like an exploration, it is up to you how extensively you explore. And just like any explorer you may end up "lost." Don't panic, just click on one of the links at the top of the window to return to one of the "pages" in the document. There are links at the top to each of the nine parts to this document.

Now go explore and remember what you're looking for:
-an understanding of the history of the internet.
-the experience of exploring a topic through the internet.

Robert Melczarek
Introduction for EDU 606
School of Education
Troy State University, Dothan

Great site very informative, interesting type usage...
Maurice Roach
20 Oct 1998 16:53:40 -0700

tnx for your wonderful history of the inet, by far the best I have seen
Tom Lamb
26 Oct 1998 06:06:39 -0800

Thank you for telling the history of the internet in a manner that I could comfortably read, follow and understand. You guys were obviously in touch with your potential target audience.
Jens Morrison
13 Apr 1999 18:40:31

Thank you for the great site (and sight), friendly, easy to read and gives a new perspective on the Net
Jazz Veld
12 Apr 1999 14:38:31

... Well done on an interesting and informative piece of work
Simon Cockroft
12 Apr 1999 15:52:15 

Gregory  Gromov provides an impressionistic  overview in "The Roads and Crossroads of Internet's History," ... with a particular concentration on the development of   hypertext and the Web.  Current  literature of the online community by Eron Main ErmineTech Ltd,  Faculty of Information Studies, University of Toronto

... This is a hypertext of nine main pages with side links. It is written as a kind of mosaic rather than as a straight narrative, including email questions and answers, fragments of interviews, and the like. It focuses primarily on the Web and hypertext over the Internet. As well, it plays with typographical design and page layout in curious ways.

by  M. C. Morgan College of Arts and Letters, Bemidji State University, MN


A somewhat wild and wacky history of the internet....
EBEAB: Internet History. by Marcus Kazmierczak

 

 
prev      Chapter #11 - They said it ... next_
The Index:
1. Internet Before World Wide Web
Internet before World Wide Web - The First 130 Years: Atlantic cable, Sputnick, ARPANET,"Information Superhighway", ...
2. World Wide Web as a Side Effect of Particle Physics Experiments.
World Wide Web was born in CERN: the most impressive results of large scale scientific efforts appeared far away from the main directions of those efforts
3. Next Crossroad of World Wide Web History
World Wide Web as a NextStep of PC Revolution ... from Steven P. Jobs to Tim Berners-Lee
4. Birth of the World Wide Web, Browser Wars, ...
Birth of the Web, Tim Berners-Lee, R. Cailliau, Marc Andreessen, Browser Wars, ...
5. Early History of Hypertext
Hypertext Foundation of the World Wide Web: Vannevar Bush's hyperlink concept, Ted Nelson coins the word Hypertext, ...
6. "Living History" of Hypertext.
Hypertext Saga of Theodor Holm Nelson: The Fate of Thinking Person in Silicon Valley ...
7. "Xanadu" Plan
The Nelson's Xanadu Plan to build a better World Wide Web
8. Growth of the Internet: Statistics
Statistics of the Internet & Worl Wide Web: Hosts, Domains, WebSites, Traffic, ...
9. Conclusion
What is the nature of World Wide Web?
10 Prehistory of the Internet
The Ancient Roads of Telecommunications & Computers
11. They said it ...
People Wrote About This Book

Silicon Valley News


  Internet History & World Wide Web, Chapter # 11 http://www.netvalley.com/cgi-bin/intval/net_history.pl?chapter=11

Copyright © 1995-2011 Gregory Gromov
 
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